What is hacking?
Hacking refers to activities that compromise digital devices, such as computers, smartphones, tablets, and even entire networks. And although hacking may not always have malicious purposes, currently most references to both hacking and hackers are characterized as an illegal activity by cybercriminals, motivated by financial gain, protest, information gathering (espionage), and even just for the “fun” of the challenge.
The term “hacker” is thought by many to refer to some gifted self-taught or rogue programmer skilled at modifying hardware or software so that it can be used in ways other than the original developers intended. But this is a that does not encompass the wide range of reasons why someone starts hacking. (For an in-depth look at hackers, read “ by Shazia ali
Hacking is often technical (such as creating malvertising that spreads malware in a random attack that requires no user interaction). But hackers can also use psychology to trick users into clicking on a malicious attachment or providing their details. These tactics are known as
Hacking has evolved from a teenage prank to a multi-million dollar growing business.”
The terms hacking and hacking are an umbrella that encompasses the activities present in most malware and malicious cyberattacks carried out on individuals, companies, and public bodies. Along with social engineering and malvertising techniques, hackers often resort to:
Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks
As such, hacking has evolved from a teenage prank into a multi-million dollar growing business, adherents of which have established a criminal infrastructure that develops and sells turnkey hacking tools to would-be fraudsters with less sophisticated technical skills (known as “script kiddies”). ”). As an example, see ransomware-as-a-service.
In another example, Windows users are reportedly the target of a widespread campaign by cybercriminals offering remote access to computer systems for as little as $10 via a dark web hack shop, potentially allowing attackers to steal information, alter systems, or deploy ransomware, among other activities. Systems offered for sale on the forum range from Windows XP to Windows 10. Vendors even offer advice on how to go unnoticed when performing illicit logins.
History of hacking/hackers
In its current usage, the term dates back to the 1970s. In 1980, an article in Psychology Today used the term “hacker” in its title: “The Hacker Papers,” which discussed the addictive nature of computers.
Then there’s the 1982 American science fiction movie Tron, in which the protagonist describes his intentions of breaking into a company’s computer system as hacking it. The plot of another film released the following year, War Games, focused on a teenager who, from his computer, carried out an intrusion into the systems of the North American Aerospace Defense Command. It was a fiction that presented the specter of hackers as a threat to national security.
Types of hacking/hackers
Generally speaking, you can say that hackers try to break into computers and networks for any of the following four reasons.
- There are criminal economic gains: that is, the theft of credit card numbers or defrauding banking systems.
- In addition, gaining popular credibility and building a reputation within the hacker subculture motivates some hackers to leave their mark on the websites they vandalize as proof that they have gained illegal access.
- Then there’s corporate espionage when hackers at one company seek to steal information about a competitor’s products and services to gain market advantage.
- Finally, entire nations engage in state-sponsored hacking to steal information from companies and/or national intelligence, destabilize their adversaries’ infrastructure, or even sow discord and confusion in a country. (There is a consensus that China and Russia have carried out such attacks, including one on Forbes.com. Also, the recent attacks on the Democratic National Committee in the US became shocking news, especially after that Microsoft said that the hackers accused of the attacks on this Committee had taken advantage of previously hidden flaws in Microsoft’s Windows operating systems and Adobe Systems Flash software. There are also cases of hacking courtesy of the United States government. )
There is one more category of cybercriminals: the hacker who is politically or socially motivated for some cause. These hacker-activists, or “hacktivists,” strive to direct public interest in an issue by drawing unfavorable attention to the issue, often by making the sensitive information public. For some prominent hacktivist groups, along with some of their most famous campaigns, see Anonymous, WikiLeaks, and LulzSec.