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Anatomy of Wi-Fi Frames for Hackers

Anatomy of Wi-Fi Frames for HackersIn previous tutorials right here at Hackers-get up, we’ve got verified.

The way to hack wi-fi anatomy of Wi-Fi Frames for Hackers:

(IEEE 802.eleven) get entry to factors the usage of more than one techniques, inclusive of;

1. WPA2 aircrack-ng attack Anatomy of Wi-Fi Frames for Hackers

2. WPS Reaver assault

three. Evil twin attack

4. PMKID assault

five. non-stop Denial of provider (DoS) attack

6. Evading wi-fi Authentication

7. the use of wifiphisher to Social Engineer a wi-fi Password Anatomy of Wi-Fi Frames for Hackers

this educational, we are able to be inspecting the wi-fi (802.eleven) protocol anatomy. it is fantastic to recognise the way to use the gear at our disposal to hack wi-fi, but if you want to expand your very wn equipment, you may need to dig deeper into the wireless protocol in order to better apprehend it Anatomy of Wi-Fi Frames for Hackers.

Wi-Fi Hacking: Anatomy of Wi-Fi Frames for Hackers
Wi-Fi Hacking: Anatomy of Wi-Fi Frames for Hackers 2023

The tables under enumerate every of the wi-fi body sorts, their description.

and how you could clear out for each kind the usage of Wireshark.

a chunk of historical past of those specific frame sorts Anatomy of Wi-Fi Frames for Hackers

The tables above are a wonderful reference, but allow’s take a moment to study what each of those frames do along with their unique Wireshark clear out (in italics beneath every description). it is crucial to word that equipment together with airodump-ng and Kismet are able to using these frames to offer you with key facts essential for hacking the AP Anatomy of Wi-Fi Frames for Hackers.

1. An association request is despatched by way of a station to accomplice to a BSS.

wlan.fc.kind==0x00

2. An association reaction is despatched in reaction to an affiliation request

wlan.fc.kind==0x01

3. A Reassociation request is despatched through a station changing association to another AP in the same ESS (so roaming among APs, or reassociating with the equal AP)

wlan.fc.kind==0x02

4. Reassociation response is the reaction to the reassociation request Anatomy of Wi-Fi Frames for Hackers

wlan.fc.type==0x03

5. Probe request is despatched by using a station on the way to “scan” for an SSID (this is how irodump-ng and different gear locate the AP even if the SSID is grew to become off) Anatomy of Wi-Fi Frames for Hackers.

wlan.fc.kind==0x04

6. Probe reaction is despatched with the aid of every BSS taking part to that SSID

wlan.fc.kind==0x05

7. Beacon is a periodic frame despatched through the AP (or stations in case of IBSS) and giving records pproximately the BSS Anatomy of Wi-Fi Frames for Hackers

wlan.fc.kind==0x08

eight. ATIM is the visitors indication map for IBSS (in a BSS, the TIM is blanketed inside the beacon)

wlan.fc.kind==0x09

nine. Disassociation is sent to terminate the association of a station

wlan.fc.kind==0x0A

10. Authentication is the body used to carry out the 802.eleven authentication (and now not every other sort of authentication) Anatomy of Wi-Fi Frames for Hackers

wlan.fc.kind==0x0B

eleven. Deauthentication is the frame terminating the authentication of a station. This frame is often utilized in our assault tools to “bump” customers off the AP the usage of aireplay-ng or perform a Denial of service on the AP.

wlan.fc.type==0x0C

12. movement is a frame meant for sending records elements to other stations (whilst sending in a beacon isn’t always viable/pleasant) Anatomy of Wi-Fi Frames for Hackers

wlan.fc.kind==0x0D

thirteen. playstation -ballot is the energy-store ballot frame polling for buffered frames after a wake-up rom a station

wlan.fc.type==0x1A

14. RTS is the request-to-ship body Anatomy of Wi-Fi Frames for Hackers

wlan.fc.kind==0x1B

15. CTS is the clean-to-ship body (often reaction to RTS)

wlan.fc.type==0x1C

sixteen. ACK is the renowned frame despatched to verify receipt of a body Anatomy of Wi-Fi Frames for Hackers.

wlan.fc.kind==0x1D

17. data frame is the simple frame containing records

wlan.fc.type==0x20

18. Null frame is a frame supposed to include no records but flag records

wlan.fc.type==0x24

19. QoS (exceptional of service) data is the QoS version of the information body

wlan.fc.type==0x28

20. QoS (excellent of service) null is the QoS model of the null body

wlan.fc.kind==0x2C

Wireshark show Filters for wireless Frames

To filter out for those frames in Wireshark, click on the “Expressions” tab to the proper of the filter window and the subsequent Window will open Anatomy of Wi-Fi Frames for Hackers.

inside the seek field near the lowest right, enter “wlan” as visible underneath.

Now, scroll right down to the “wlan.fc.subtype” discipline and click on on it. pick the “==” for relation after which enter the price of the frame kind you want to filter out for.

summary

while looking to broaden your own wireless hacking equipment, it’s miles essential to recognize the frames and their motive on this 802.eleven protocol. Bookmark this page for destiny reference as we use this information to increase our very own wi-fi hacking tools v!

Wireless networks are common in enterprise environments:

making them a prime target for penetration testers. Additionally, misconfigured wireless networks can be easily cracked, providing penetration testers with a great deal of valuable information about the network and its users. This article explores some of the most widely-used tools for different aspects of wireless network hacking.

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Network discovery

Before attacking a wireless network, it is necessary to know that it exists. A few different tools provide network discovery functionality to help with identifying wireless networks and extracting useful traffic for use in an attack Anatomy of Wi-Fi Frames for Hackers.

1. Kismet

Kismet is one of the most famous Wi-Fi hacking tools available. It is a network sniffer capable of monitoring 802.11 wireless traffic as well as other wireless protocols, such as Bluetooth and Zigbee.

Kismet is available on all operating systems and can run using any Wi-Fi card that supports radio frequency monitoring mode (RFMON). It passively collects packets to identify both broadcasting and hidden wireless networks

Anatomy of Wi-Fi Frames for Hackers Anatomy of Wi-Fi Frames for Hackers.

Download Kismet: https://www.kismetwireless.net/downloads/#kismet-release

2. KisMac
KisMac, as its name suggests, is designed to be a Kismet clone available on macOS. Like Kismet, KisMac performs passive network monitoring and can attempt to crack WEP and WPA keys using brute force password guessing or exploiting known flaws in legacy protocols Anatomy of Wi-Fi Frames for Hackers.

Download KisMac: http://kismac-ng.org/

3. inSSIDer
inSSIDer is a Wi-Fi scanner for Microsoft Windows and macOS platforms. The tool is available under a freemium model, where some functionality is available for free but the full tool requires a subscription. The primary use of this tool is by Wi-Fi administrators looking to detect and diagnose issues within Wi-Fi networks Anatomy of Wi-Fi Frames for Hackers Anatomy of Wi-Fi Frames for Hackers.

inSSIDer provides several different features, including locating open Wi-Fi access points, monitoring the signal strength of Wi-Fi networks and saving logs with location data pulled from GPS.

Download inSSIDer: https://www.metageek.com/products/inssider/

4. CommonView for Wi-Fi
CommonView for Wi-Fi is a wireless network sniffer for 802.11 a/b/g/n/ac/ax networks. It captures every packet being sent over the network and provides several different statistics. These statistics are valuable for both discovering wireless networks and identifying any potential issues within them. As a result, CommonView for Wi-Fi is often used by network administrators Anatomy of Wi-Fi Frames for Hackers.

Download CommonView: http://www.tamos.com/products/commwifi/

Password cracking
Wireless networks use encryption to protect the data they carry against eavesdropping and malicious modifications. However, legacy encryption protocols (like WEP) are vulnerable to attack, and even secure protocols can be cracked using brute-force and dictionary-based attacks. Several different tools exist for cracking the passwords securing Wi-Fi networks.

5. Aircrack-ng
Aircrack-ng is a popular wireless password-cracking tool. It starts by capturing wireless network packets, then attempts to crack the network password by analyzing them. Aircrack-ng supports FMS, PTW, Korek and other attacks against WEP passwords. Aircrack-ng can also use dictionary attacks to guess passwords for WPA, WPA2 and WPA3 Wi-Fi networks Anatomy of Wi-Fi Frames for Hackers.

Wi-Fi Hacking: Anatomy of Wi-Fi Frames for Hackers
Wi-Fi Hacking: Anatomy of Wi-Fi Frames for Hackers 2023

Aircrack-ng is a terminal-based application. However, several tutorials are available to demonstrate how to use the tool Anatomy of Wi-Fi Frames for Hackers.

Download: http://www.aircrack-ng.org/

6. CoWPAtty
CoWPAtty is a password-cracking tool that uses dictionary attacks to crack WPA pre-shared passwords. It supports Linux and operates using a command-line interface.

CoWPAtty has a wordlist containing thousands of passwords, but dictionary attacks with the tool can be slow. This is because the password hash for WPA is based on the wireless network’s SSID. CoWPAtty must calculate the hash for each password in its list before testing, which takes time.

For Wi-Fi networks with one of about 1,000 of the most common and default SSIDs, CoWPAtty offers a rainbow table of 172,000 password hashes. If a particular Wi-Fi network uses one of these SSIDs and has a password in the list, then CoWPAtty can crack it much more quickly.

Download CoWPAtty: http://sourceforge.net/projects/cowpatty/

7. Reaver
Reaver is an open-source password-cracking tool. It performs a brute-force attack against WPS to break the security of Wi-Fi networks Anatomy of Wi-Fi Frames for Hackers.

Download Reaver: https://code.google.com/p/reaver-wps/downloads/list

8. Wifite
Wifite is a tool designed to simplify the Wi-Fi auditing process. It runs existing tools for you to eliminate the need to memorize command-line switches and how to configure various tools. To learn more about using wifite, read the wifite walkthrough Anatomy of Wi-Fi Frames for Hackers.

Download Wifite: https://github.com/derv82/wifite2

9. WepDecrypt
WepDecrypt is a wireless LAN tool written in the C language. It uses dictionary attacks, distributed network attacks and other methods to guess WEP Keys Anatomy of Wi-Fi Frames for Hackers.

WepDecrypt requires installing some libraries and making the binaries executable.

For this reason, the tool may not be a good choice for novice users.

Download here: http://wepdecrypt.sourceforge.net/wepdecrypt-manual.html

10. CloudCracker Anatomy of Wi-Fi Frames for Hackers
CloudCracker leverages cloud-based resources to crack WPA keys and other types of password hashes. It takes the handshake file and the network name as input and performs the password cracking.

CloudCracker has a massive password dictionary, giving it a high probability of cracking weak passwords. The price of cracking a hash depends on the desired priority Anatomy of Wi-Fi Frames for Hackers.

See CloudCracker: https://crack.sh/

11. Pyrit
Pyrit is a tool for performing brute-force password guessing attacks against IEEE 802.11 WPA/WPA2-PSK authentication. It supports the creation of massive pre-computed rainbow tables of passwords stored in databases Anatomy of Wi-Fi Frames for Hackers. Pyrit can be used on Linux, macOS and FreeBSD and is available for free.

Download Pyrit: https://code.google.com/p/pyrit/

12. Fern Wifi Wireless Cracker
Fern Wifi Wireless Cracker is designed to crack WEP/WPA/WPA/WPA2 keys on Wi-Fi networks. It accomplishes this through a variety of different attacks including exploitation of vulnerable protocols, phishing attacks, brute-force and dictionary-based password guessing attacks.

Fern is available for Windows, Linux and macOS platforms. It operated under a freemium model, where a license is necessary to gain access to the full suite of features Anatomy of Wi-Fi Frames for Hackers.

Download Fern Wifii Wireless Cracker: http://www.fern-pro.com/downloads.php

13. Airgeddon
Airgeddon is a script designed to run other network monitoring and cracking scripts. For example, Airgeddon requires Aircrack-ng to run. By configuring and executing these scripts for the user, Airgeddon can make Wi-Fi cracking easier to perform.

Download Airgeddon: https://github.com/v1s1t0r1sh3r3/airgeddon

14. Wifiphisher
Many Wi-Fi networks use secure encryption protocols, making them more difficult to attack. Tools like Wifiphisher attempt to steal user credentials via phishing attacks Anatomy of Wi-Fi Frames for Hackers. This tool is built into Kali Linux by default and is available for Windows, macOS and Linux Anatomy of Wi-Fi Frames for Hackers.

Download and read more about WiFiphisher: https://github.com/sophron/wifiphisher

Network sniffing
After gaining access to a wireless network, a penetration tester needs to perform network sniffing and traffic analysis to take advantage of that visibility. A couple of different options exist for monitoring and dissecting the traffic flowing over wireless networks.

15. Wireshark
Wireshark is the most popular network traffic analysis tool in existence. Its wide array of built-in protocol decoders make it easy to dissect and examine packets from all types of network traffic Anatomy of Wi-Fi Frames for Hackers. Wireshark can be run on packet capture files or perform live traffic capture, including wireless traffic Anatomy of Wi-Fi Frames for Hackers.

Wireshark is designed to be an intuitive and easy-to-use tool, but it is designed for network traffic analysis. This means that, while the tool may be easy to use and invaluable for wireless hacking, an understanding of network fundamentals is necessary to use it effectively.

Download Wireshark: https://www.wireshark.org/

16. OmniPeek
OmniPeek is a commercial network packet analyzer designed for the Windows platform. It offers a variety of visualizations and graphs to help in understanding the traffic present on the network Anatomy of Wi-Fi Frames for Hackers. While it still requires an understanding of network protocols to use effectively, it provides an alternative to Wireshark for network analysis Anatomy of Wi-Fi Frames for Hackers.

Wi-Fi Hacking: Anatomy of Wi-Fi Frames for Hackers
Wi-Fi Hacking: Anatomy of Wi-Fi Frames for Hackers

 

Download OmniPeek: https://www.liveaction.com/products/omnipeek-network-protocol-analyzer/

Packet injection Anatomy of Wi-Fi Frames for Hackers
Packet injection enables a penetration tester to inject data into an established network connection. This helps perfrom denial of service (DoS) and man-in-the-middle (MitM) attacks against wireless network users Anatomy of Wi-Fi Frames for Hackers.

17. Airjack
Airjack is a packet injection tool for Wi-Fi 802.11 networks. Its packet injection functionality can be used to perform DoS and MitM attacks against Wi-Fi users Anatomy of Wi-Fi Frames for Hackers.

Download AirJack: http://sourceforge.net/projects/airjack/

Wi-Fi cracking for mobile
In some scenarios, performing wireless network hacking on a laptop would be conspicuous, while a mobile device would be essentially invisible. A few different platforms exist for performing penetration testing against wireless networks from a mobile device Anatomy of Wi-Fi Frames for Hackers.

Sources

 

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